We collected longitudinal data in the form of surveys across two timepoints, fall 2017 and spring 2018, from international students (N = 280) attending two private universities in the United States.
- Faculty social support in the fall predicts lower loneliness in the spring
- Faculty social support indirectly predicts higher psychological well-being in the spring via loneliness
- Domestic student social support in the fall predicts higher belonging in the spring
- International graduate students have fewer friends but higher sense of belonging compared to international undergraduate students
- Graduating high school in the U.S. is not associated with international student social outcomes; conversely, it correlates negatively with social support from other international students
- Perceived English language competence and domestic student social support make roughly equal contributions to international student well-being
These results have been published in articles published in Journal of Studies in International Education (2), Journal of Experimental Education, and Journal of International Students